How to Grow Garlic in Arizona

Garlic is a versatile and easy-to-grow crop that thrives in the Arizona climate. To successfully cultivate garlic in Arizona, it is essential to follow specific steps to ensure a bountiful harvest.

What is the best time to plant garlic in Arizona?

In Arizona, the best time to plant garlic is in the fall, between late October and early November. This timing allows the cloves to establish roots before the cooler winter temperatures set in, promoting healthy growth throughout the season.

What type of garlic is best suited for growing in Arizona?

Hardneck varieties of garlic, such as Rocambole and Porcelain, are well-suited for growing in Arizona. These varieties require a period of cold weather to develop bulbs properly, making them ideal for the Arizona climate.

How should I prepare the soil for planting garlic in Arizona?

  • Choose a well-draining location with full sun exposure.
  • Amend the soil with compost or aged manure to improve fertility.
  • Avoid planting garlic in areas that are prone to waterlogging, as this can cause the bulbs to rot.

What is the ideal planting depth for garlic in Arizona?

Garlic cloves should be planted approximately 2 inches deep in the soil, with the pointed end facing up. Planting at the correct depth ensures that the cloves are adequately protected and allows for proper root development.

How often should I water garlic in Arizona?

Garlic plants require consistent moisture throughout the growing season, especially during hot and dry periods. Water the plants regularly, ensuring that the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.

When is the best time to harvest garlic in Arizona?

Garlic is typically ready to harvest in Arizona between late spring and early summer, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Look for yellowing leaves and dried stems as indicators that the bulbs are mature and ready to be harvested.

How should I cure and store garlic after harvest in Arizona?

Curing Storing
Hang harvested garlic in a dry, well-ventilated area for 2-3 weeks to allow the bulbs to cure properly. Store cured garlic in a cool, dark place with good air circulation to prolong shelf life.

By following these steps and tips, you can successfully grow garlic in Arizona and enjoy a plentiful harvest of this flavorful and nutritious bulb.